9 EXPENDER PELLETS a video showing you how to do them
Maggots are the most commonly fished bait in angling .Most maggots are bought over the counter at the local tackle shop nowadays, quality bait is always available. .Always use a popular or specialist tackle shop as they will have a good turn over of bait so the maggots will be soft and fresh.(Do not go to a local pet or garden store that sell maggots as a side line ) they will not have been kept properly and not likely to last and start to turn into casters to soon
Maggots in their natural state are white in colour, shops sell them dyed in different colours ,Bronze ,Red,Yellow and Disco a mix of blue and green. Some anglers will only fish with a certain coloured maggot depending on water conditions
.The large maggot is the larva of the bluebottle and is used mainly as a hook bait .When fresh the maggot will be soft and lively you will see a feed spot (a black spot as in the picture at the top) in the center which means they have just come off the feed they were bred on .
When you buy maggots they will come in maze or sawdust to keep them clean ,to keep your maggots in the best condition it is advisable to riddle(riddles available at most good tackle shops) them when you get home.To do this empty the bait box with your maggots in on to a riddle with a 3mm mesh shake the riddle to separate the maggots from the old maze or sawdust and dead skins and let the maggots drop through into a container to catch them, after they have all dropped through place them in a clean bait box with fresh maze or sawdust, then put them into a fridge if available to stop them turning too fast ready for you to fish with. Only take out what bait you will need for a single fishing session, as this will also prolong the life of your bait.
The pinkie is the larva of the green bottle and in its natural state is pink in colour hence its name (pinkies) This Maggot can also be bought dyed red as in the picture above.
The pinkie is a great bait in colder conditions i,e autumn or winter and can be used as a feed maggot, loose fed mainly but due to its size can not be thrown very far so a catapult is recommended, it can also be used as a hook bait when bites are shy and hard to come by, and is a good bait for Bream, roach rudd perch etc.
The pinkie is a escape artist as it can climb out of a bait box if allowed to sweat up or becomes damp, so keep them in the fridge to keep cold, and do not allow to get wet when fishing in the rain
This is the smallest of the maggot family and is the larva of the house fly.In their natural they are white but can be also dyed red, used mainly as a feed maggot ,as loose feed, or they can be placed in groundbait as they are not very lively and so will not break up the groundbait when rolled into a ball, they are a very good fish attractor when introduced to you swim as loose feed by cupping kit.
Feeders can also be used as a hook bait on small size hooks 22,24,26 fished doubled or single when bites are hard in the winter, Squats or feeder maggots are sold in damp sand to keep them at their best, to stop them drying out damp the sand, as they tend to float on the surface if the become dry, and you will move the fish from the bottom to up in the water when this occurs.
Some anglers like to breed their own maggots and the most popular home bred maggot is the gozzer, a super soft pure white maggot that is excellent for Bream fishing.
To breed gozzers take a pigs heart and make 2 to3 cuts through it, then place the heart on clean bran in a biscuit tin or box, make a hole in the lid for the fly to enter and place in a dark spot away from the light.
Depending on weather temperatures you will get a blow (a cluster of tiny white eggs) in one or two days ,after you notice the blow place the heart in fresh newspaper and cover with bran to keep the smell down and place away from the house in a dry place, in 6 to 7days you will have perfect gozzers ready for riddling and placing in fresh bran in a bait box for fishing.
The caster is the chrysaliss of the large maggot, the blue bottle and when caught at the right time in the chrysliss stage will sink, this is when the chrysaliss or caster is orange and is one of the best baits in angling which will catch most species of fish.To produe the perfect caster is differcult and very wasteful so they are best purchased from the tackle shop.
They will come in a plastic bag tightly sealed, a caster is a living object and breathes through its hard shell so if kept in the bag to long they will die ,so if you are not using straight away place in damp newspaper in a bait box with cling flim over the top and put in a fridge this will slow down the metamorphism, just let fresh air every day and the casters will keep fresh for a week or so.
When fishing place the casters in water in a bait tub feed the ones that sink and put on the hook the ones that float
Bread is a cheap form of bait for fishing and on its day can be one of the best baits to use ,bread can be fished in many different ways.
Flake - For Flake you use the middle from a uncut loaf, the flake should be fluffy and jagged and not moulded into a lump on the hook.If after a few minutes in the water it can be retrived it as been pinched on too hard
Use a piece the size of a thumb nail on hook sizes 14 and upwards when after Tench, Bream, Chub or large Roach and Rudd
Punch - Punch bread is made of small pellets of sliced bread with a special tool called a bread punch( from good tackle shops) they come in different sizes for hook sizes 16,18,20,22.
Punch bread is a good bait for shy biting fish on canals or stillwaters will catch small roach, used with light tackle and small floats fished at close range .Punch bread can be used with liquidised bread as a ground bait, to use your punch take a slice of bread and place it on a flat surface eg; bait box lid select the size punch to the size of hook you are fishing with and push into the bread, the small pellet of bread is inside the punch, hook your hook into the pellet though the groove inthe side of the punch and pull the pellet out, you now have a punch bread on your hook readey for casting gently or shipping out on the pole.
Bread Paste - Bread paste is made from the inside of a stale uncut loaf and place in a clothe and wetted down then all the exess water is squeezed out .The bread is then kneaded into a smooth textured paste ,if you find that the bread is still a little stiff add more water if too wet add more bread .The paste should be able to with stand casting and retriving ,you can add flavorings to the bread ehen kneading eg custard powder ,honey,suger, food flavorings.
You can buy hemp in the tackle shop ready prepared or you can cook your own,use a old vacuum flask and half fill with hemp seed and a teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda, fill with boiling water and leave over night before fishing and the hemp will be ready for you to use in the morning.
To hook hemp it pays to prepare hook baits ,take a grain of hemp and at the top you will see a small dimple, with a small needle push it through the hemp so that you can feed your hook through and round the seed ,the hemp will not fall off the hook when casting or shipping out( see above diagram)
Hemp can be a exellent bait for roach in the summer with bites being very fast and on the drop.
This is another excellent bait for catching roach, especially when used over hemp, I think the fish see it as a large hemp seed and will freely take it off the bottom or on the drop. Many anglers are under the impression that Tares are exclusively for catching roach, I have caught chub, dace, tench, bream and carp all on this little seed and its cheap at approx 60pence a pound or half kilo.
The tare is not as easy to prepare as hemp but it is worth the extra care and preperation,to get this right. I would usually prepare the whole pound and split it up into session size packs then freeze it. to get the near perfect result You put the tares into a large vessel i.e. pan, bucket or old basin, add 1 table spoon of bicarbonate of soda this helps to soften the seed and turn it black later on, having done this poor over the seed boiling water to twice the amount of water to the volume of seed, then add a piece of cast iron into the bucket with the water and seed and leave them for 2 to 3 days soaking, if you don't have a piece of cast iron some old rusty 6 inch nails can be used in its place.
Now having soaked the seeds for the 2 to 3 day period take them and place them into a large (old sauce pan) and boil them up in the water that they have been soaked in until just going soft, at this point take them out of the water and place them on to a flat tray until they are dry you will see at this stage they should have now all turned a purple shade or black and are ready for a fishing session. Although the Tare is a seed and quite small by comparrison to a maggot or caster you need to use a large hook to make contact with the fish my preference is the kammasan B611 size 16, or 18 if bites are shy to a 1-1lbs hook length on the drop or a 1-7lb hook length when fished on the bottom.
Sweetcorn is a excellent bait in the summer for big tench and bream, you can buy it in tins or frozen form ,the tinned variety is the best but please place the corn into a bait box before bringing it on to newton waters, as all tins are banned .
You can use the juice from the tin to mix with your groundbait, the corn is best fished on a size 14 hook upwards with a few grains, you can use sweetcorn to catch big roach, tench, crucian carp, common and mirror carp and bream so it is a very versatile bait and cheap to use, if the fish are a bit shy biting on the day then cut a grain in half and reduce your hook size this might just tempt the fish to take it properly.